What Is Gibbs Model Of Reflection - Guide With Example
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Revolutionize Your Learning Journey With The Gibbs Model Of Reflection

Gibbs Model Of Reflection

Have you ever had a memorable experience? Is it good or bad, positive or negative, that you could not overcome? Learning from these experiences can be facilitated by reflection, and the Gibbs model of reflection gives an organised method for converting these experiences into useful knowledge. Many people find that they learn best from experience. However, If individuals fail to reflect on their experiences and consciously identify ways to improve, they are unlikely to learn anything at all. This cycle helps students understand what they did well and how they can improve. Let’s explore what the Gibbs model of reflection 

What is  Gibbs model of reflection?

Professor Graham gave a reflective cycle in his book Learning By Doing (1988). It helps people learn from situations that they experience regularly, especially when these experiences are not good. Gibbs model of reflection is the best way to explore your past experiences and how to deal with these situations without being anxious. Nursing students these days use this model to analyse patient-related health consequences. Accepting failure as a learning experience. For a better understanding of Gibbs model of reflection, you can go through gibbs reflective cycle nursing example.

The main focus of nursing is to take care of patients, help them cope with illness, and promote health. When students study or look for nursing assignment help, they use the Gibbs model to learn from the past mistakes of their seniors and make sure they don’t repeat them. 

Why Use Gibbs Reflective Cycle?

 Gibbs reflective cycle model is most recommended in the following situations:

  • To comprehend severe cases in nursing.
  • Gibbs model of reflection is used to execute performance evaluations.
  • Positively valuable for understanding the causes of responses in events.
  • It is helpful in enhancing your personality.

Stages Of Gibbs model of reflection

There are 6 stages of Gibbs reflection cycle.

  • Description 
  • Feelings
  • Evaluation
  • Analysis 
  • Conclusion
  • Action Plan 

Let’s explore them one by one  


The first stage of Gibbs model of reflection is description, which involves providing information on what happened, when it occurred, and who was present. By explaining the situation in depth, we may acquire a greater understanding of what happened and the impact it had.

  • What happened in this scenario?
  • Who was there at this time?
  • Why were you there?
  • When and where did it happen?
  • What did you do?
  • What did other people do?
  • What was the result of this scenario?
  • What did you want to happen?


In this stage of Gibbs cycle of reflection, individuals have to describe feelings, thoughts, and actions about their experiences. This includes both positive and negative feelings before and during the following situation. What are your emotions about that situation?

  • What feeling did you have before the situation?
  • What were your feelings after the situation?
  • What do other individuals experience from this situation?
  • What was your feeling during the situation?


Evaluation is the third stage of Gibbs model of reflection; you have to explore the situation from an objective perspective. These include positive and negative consequences of the situation. Ask these questions to evaluate the scenario 

  • What was the positive perspective of the situation?
  • What was the negative perspective of the situation?
  • What did other people experience about this situation?
  • What went well?
  • What did not go well?


This stage of the Gibbs model of reflection provides the finest opportunity to make sense of what occurred and evaluate what lesson you learned. You had been focused on the minutiae of the problem up to this point, but now you have the opportunity to bring it to a close. This will prepare you to deal with such situations efficiently. To properly analyze both, you have to explore the positive and negative situations that occur. Then, examine the following queries.

  • Why did things go well in the scenario? 
  • Why did things go differently than planned?
  • How to understand the problem?
  • What additional knowledge can assist in understanding the scenario?
  • What positive and negative contributions do other people make?


In this stage, you must conclude by describing the lessons you gained from your experiences. Whether it is a positive or negative experience, you take benefit from past experiences to improve yourself. Also, it is important to think about how you can act differently next time. You can highlight certain things. 

  • What are the things you learned from this situation?
  • If you face a situation like that again, do you act differently?
  • What things should be avoided in this scenario?
  • What skills do you have to develop to handle these scenarios?

Action Plan

This is the last stage of Gibbs model of reflection, which defines the action plan for the future. The main goal of conducting reflection is to enhance and devise skills for future consequences. It’s important to determine how to handle the situation and create a plan for executing it.

  • What did you understand from the circumstances?
  • What else could have been done?
  • What could have been a more good situation for everyone out there?
  • What skills do you need to evolve to become a better person?

Pros and Cons of Gibbs Reflection Model 

These are the following pros and cons of the Gibbs Reflection Model  

Advantages of Gibbs Model of Reflection 

Let’s explore the advantages of Gibbs model of reflection.

  • A simple and effective approach to self-evaluation.
  • One of the most useful models for repeated scenarios.
  • It takes a systematic approach to experience learning.
  • Gibbs’ model of reflection weakens other approaches.
  • It facilitates the analysis of the situation’s actions, reactions, and causes. 

Disadvantages of Gibbs Model of Reflection 

Let’s explore the advantages of Gibbs model of reflection.

  • It takes a reactive process rather than a proactive one.
  • Many people consider it simple since there is no remark of crucial thinking.
  • There are no empirically reinforced questions in the model.
  •  This model cannot be used for individuals who find it difficult to express their emotions.
  • A beginner may need assistance from an experienced practitioner to learn from past experiences.

Gain a comprehensive understanding of the above advantages and disadvantages. Then, a detailed plan will be developed to implement the approach and mitigate the drawbacks. In addition, if you are new to a subject or topic, it might be helpful to seek online university assignment help for step-by-step assistance.

To Sum it Up

Gibbs model of refelection is the lifelong journey of learning from  self experiences either it is past or present ,positive or negative, in personal or academic or even professional life. You can turn any experience to improve your personality if you accept this repetition path. Thus , the next time you find yourself in a difficult situation, don’t be scared to think about it. And if it involves your academic journey our online university assignment help is always here for you. So contact us with your queries and let us help you help yourself.